Tuesday, May 26, 2020

The Atomic Bomb A Code Of Honor - 1373 Words

One of the documents above is from the Manhattan project, documenting the development of the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb was created to try and stop the World War Two. The people of the United States greatly did not want to use the bomb to end the war. The American citizens, and their government, did not know the rule of Bushido. Bushido is a code of honor in the culture of the Japanese. It bans all possible situations to dishonor one s self or the family of the same person. The person who wrote the document is Henry Dewolf Smyth. He talks about their need of plutonium and the development of the atomic bomb, and he starts to work on it, along with his co workers. â€Å" The ultimate responsibility for our nation s policy rests on its citizens and they can discharge such responsibilities wisely only if they are informed. The average citizen cannot be expected to understand clearly how an atomic bomb is constructed or how it works but there is in this country a substantial group of e ngineers and scientists who can understand such things and who can explain the potentialities of atomic bombs to their fellow citizens.†( Preface). In this he states that all of the citizens have a duty to keep their secrets to themselves, and not tell anything to the USSR or any other nation. The document came from the atomic archive which is a very credible source, and the limitation of it is that it only covers the side of the US but it also gives an indepth look at the Manhattan project from theShow MoreRelatedThe Atomic Bomb Of Hiroshima And Nagasaki Essay1570 Words   |  7 PagesDespite the extreme devastation, the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were necessary. The atomic bomb is a weapon unmatched in warfare, rapidly releasing nuclear energy by fission of atomic nuclei. Desperate times call for desperate measures, which is why America chose to unleash its most deadly weapon, the atomic bomb, on Japan. America, who had already fought in World War II for over four years, had no desire to perpetuate the war. When Japan refused to surrender, America was leftRead MoreUse of the Atomic Bomb at Hiroshima and Nagasaki Essay1271 Words   |  6 Pagesat the true brutality that these two atomic bombs brought to the world. This fact made people argued and debated for decades on end. Two sides, two perspectives, absolutely and completely different from one another, but nonetheless, never came to a proper conclusion. Should the United States really have dropped the atomic bombs on Japan? Was it, in all reality, truly necessary? To put it blatantly, yes, the United States should have dropped the two atomic bombs on Japan. It had to have been done.Read More No Surrender Essay1671 Words   |  7 Pagespeople. It was the samurai honor code, bushido, The way of the warrior2. The use of kamikaze missions, the mistreatment of POW’s, and the attitude to never surrender were all examples of how the Japanese way of living came into World War II . To many it was outlandish, to others it was unbelievable, but to the Japanese, it was a way of life. It may have been this way of life that led the Americans to drop two of the deadliest weapons ever used in combat, the atomic bombs. Japan’s culture reflectedRead MoreEssay on John Herseys Hiroshima723 Words   |  3 PagesHiroshima was originally an article written for The New Yorker Magazine in order to help a reader identity with deceased and survivors of the Hiroshimas bombing (The New Yorker). He accomplished this by recapping the suffering of the victims of the atomic bomb. He wrote of the burn victims, their faces were wholly burned, their eye sockets were hollow, the fluid from their melted eyes had run down their checks (Hersey 51). On some undressed bodies, the burns had made patterns of undershirt strapsRead MoreWas Dropping The Atomic Bomb On Japan The Best Way For The United States1668 Words   |  7 PagesWas dropping the atomic bomb on Japan the best way for the United States to force Japan to surrender unconditionally? World War II was a war fought between the Allied Powers and the Axis Powers. The main Allies were France before it fell, the USSR, the United Kingdom and the United State s. The main Axis were Italy, Japan and Germany. War broke out in 1939 and did not end until 1945. On May 8, 1945 the Allies won victory over Europe, thereby they won victory over Italy and Germany. However the AlliesRead MoreSpying during the Cold War1002 Words   |  4 Pagescommunism. These tensions rose because double agents exposed secrets of new and improved weaponry including the atomic bomb. In 1944, David Greenglass joined the Manhattan Project, and was able to take the blueprints of the atomic bomb to Julius, who then gave them to the Committee of State Security in Russia (KGB). When the U.S. discovered that the Russians were creating an atomic bomb, they launched an investigation to find whoever had exposed their plans. Once they traced the evidence back to DavidRead MoreEssay The Horror of Nuclear Weapons1189 Words   |  5 PagesThe world trembled when America dropped the atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The world trembled once again years later, but this time to the heavy steps of Godzilla. Along with him came his highly radioactive body leaving trails of radioactive residue. His main abilities were his plasma breath ray, immunity to normal weapons, and great strength. He was created for a horror movie that showed the effect of what worried the Japanese at the time- Nuclear weapons. In the movie, he represents pureRead More Hiroshima and Nagasaki the untold story Essay example3828 Words   |  16 PagesHiroshima and Nagasaki the untold story On August 6th 1945, the first Atomic Bomb, â€Å"Little Boy,† was dropped on Hiroshima, and three days later on August 9th 1945, the second atomic bomb, â€Å"Fat Man,† was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan’s industrial capital. The decision to use the Atomic Bomb against Japan was a poor one considering the damage, the devastation, and the amount of people left dead, injured, or suffering the loss of a family member or a friend, all for the sake of quickly ending the ongoingRead MoreAmericas Justification for the Use of the Atomic Bomb Essay1900 Words   |  8 PagesAmerica’s Justification For the Use of the Atomic Bomb On August 6th, 1945, the United States of America dropped the world’s first atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima in Japan. Two days later, a second bomb was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. These two bombs were the most devastating weapons ever seen, and their effects on human beings and property were plainly horrifying. Approximately 110,000 people were killed; most of them were innocent civilians who just happened to have lived in the wrongRead MoreMarshall Isands And Atomic Bomb Essay1616 Words   |  7 Pagesran my hand through my hair clumps of my hair would come out. Said the Marshall Island girl after the largest nuclear war head ever tested by the United States government was set off to the north of her. Bravo (the bombs code name) was 1,000 times more powerful then the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima. The Marshallese Islanders environment, health, subsistence, family traditions, rituals, religious practices, and following generations were all greatly impaired from Bravo’s blast. The following

Friday, May 15, 2020

Prevention of Suicide in Adolescents Essay - 1317 Words

The community impact, which includes national, state, and community level, is crucial for suicide prevention in adolescents. By having the community involved, it allows a more effective prevention plan, along with measures on how to properly handle the situation more efficiently. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Office of the Surgeon General and National Action Alliance for Suicide, revised the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention (NSSP) in 2012. In which, they classified suicide prevention interventions into two categories: prevention targeted at the level of the individual and prevention targeted at the level of the population. (HHS, 2012). To target at the level of the individual, the NSPP emphasized the role†¦show more content†¦In which, they should provide the federal work force with information on suicide prevention along with ensuring the NSSP is being promoted and is included overall. And lastly, but most importantly, the federal level shou ld be dedicated to advancing the NSSP. According to HHS (2012), the state level should appoint a lead agency to be the head department for their state. The agency would not only coordinate and convent the public and private stakeholders, but also assess their needs and resources. They would also develop and implement a strategic suicide prevention plan for their state. The state level would also be a part of promoting mental health and emotional well-being that combines traditional and new media. This could be done by developing and implementing an effective communications strategy. Finally, the state level should spread their recommendations for reporting on suicide to news organizations. By doing so, it would help the community level with preventing the spread of suicide among adolescents through media. According to HHS (2012), the community level should have easy access for treatment in his or her’s community without the fear of being judged; properly share media informati on, especially when it comes to suicide; provide an efficient suicide awareness campaign that providesShow MoreRelatedThe Suicide And Suicide Prevention1534 Words   |  7 PagesSuicide is defined as death by an act of self-infliction as an effort to end one’s life. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013), suicide was the tenth leading cause of death for all ages among Americans in 2013. It is the second leading cause of death among fifteen to twenty-nine year olds globally stated by World Health Organization (2015). Suicide being ranked that high on the lists of causes for deaths is astonishing because each of those deaths was preventable.Read MorePrevention, Intervention, And Treatment Options1560 Words   |  7 PagesPrevention, Intervention, and Treatment Options According to McWhirter et al. (2017), the act of suicide is neither comfortable nor easy; however, experiencing a series of painful events lessens the fear of death, which prepares individuals for attempting to take their own lives. Establishing a framework of evidence-based preventions, interventions, and treatment options provides opportunities to help at-risk youth and their families find solutions to difficult problems that they might encounterRead MoreSuicidal Behavior And Suicidal Ideation1321 Words   |  6 Pagesas significant health concerns among adolescents and you adults†. In fact, globally, suicide impacts adolescents making it the second leading cause of death. As a result, researchers continue examining aspects associated with suicide attempts fir preventative purposes. Furthermore, understanding the definition a suicide attempt in adolescents helps bring clarity to the importance of this issue. Anju and Subha define an adolescent suicide attempt as â€Å"am a dolescent (13-19 years of age) who had made aRead MoreSuicide Is The Point At Which An Individual Takes Their Own Life Away1267 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction and Description Suicide is the point at which an individual takes their own life away. When we consider suicide we don t think about a child committing suicide. We regularly associate suicide with adults, so when we hear about suicide in children it is quite shocking. However, it does occur and it is quite common. In an article, it discusses how girls are more prone to commit suicide than boys. Also, the most finished suicides are from Native Americans. Be that as it may, white AmericansRead MoreSetting Up Sucide Prevention Programs1427 Words   |  6 Pagessex education programs, but suicide, the third leading cause of adolescent deaths (Caine 1), is practically ignored. Many schools only offer hot lines for suicidal students. While some schools have implemented suicide prevention programs and the government has recognized teenage suicide as a growing problem, effective solutions need to be discovered and funded to prevent these catastrophic deaths. The U.S. federal government should develop and f und suicide prevention programs in high schools, whileRead Moreâ€Å"Dying Before Their Time: The Startling Trends in Adolescent Suicide†1217 Words   |  5 PagesAccording to the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP), suicide is the third leading cause of death for adolescents aged 15-24 years old. This calculates to 33,000 adolescents killing themselves each year (CDC, 2010). The National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), reported that suicide amongst all individuals nation wide has declined over all, but despite the decline, adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19 have shown suicide rates that has increased by 6 percent (NCSLRead MoreSuicide : The Suicide Rate For Young Individuals Essay1254 Words   |  6 PagesSuicide, otherwise known as completed suicide, can be described as a deliberate act to inflict harm upon oneself that results in death (Wagner, 2009). Suicide has been recognized as a significant public health problem among the adol escent community (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015; Jurich, 2007). Suicide has been ranked as the third leading cause of death amongst young individuals aged 15 through 24, with an average of 4,600 deaths annually (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention;Read More†¢Title: â€Å"Reduce Suicide Attempts By Adolescents†. †¢Dates1716 Words   |  7 Pages†¢ Title: â€Å"Reduce Suicide Attempts by Adolescents† †¢ Dates of Implementation: January 26, 2017 and March 8-9, 2017 †¢ Healthy People 2020 Topic: Mental Health and Mental Disorders †¢ Healthy People 2020 Objective: MHMD-2: Reduce suicide attempts by adolescents (Healthy People, 2020, n.d.) †¢ My SLEP action plan is designed to educate the students of Boaz High School Health Science Department on the causes, signs and prevention of suicide attempts. I plan to make a pamphlet to hand out to all studentsRead MoreSuicide Should Never Be Cast Aside1337 Words   |  6 PagesSuicide is deliberately taking one’s own life, in the United States this continues to be a serious problem and is the third leading cause of death among adolescents. With rates of suicide among young people doubling over the past fifty years. Teenagers who experience a sudden trauma growing up can intensify negative feelings and for some teens suicide is the solution they turn to escape their stresses and problems. One of the myths of suicidal talk amongst adolescents is that it is often a ploy usedRead MoreHealth Care Challenges when Working with Adolescents Essay1174 Words   |  5 Pageswith the adolescent population we have many health care challenges. Adolescents experiences profound p hysical changes which occur rapidly. These include increased rate of bone and muscle growth, sex specific changes and development of the sexual reproductive system and secondary sex characteristics. â€Å"†Changes are created by hormonal changes within the body when the hypothalamus begins to produce gnoadotropin-releasing hormones† (Potter Perry, 2005, p. 205). This is a time when adolescents become

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Crucible By Arthur Miller - 1138 Words

Arthur Miller’s The Crucible takes place in a puritan 17th century Salem town, where a distinct line separates right from wrong. Puritan ideals define the individuals living in Salem, and John Proctor, the protagonist, finds himself struggling to realize and act on these ideals. Miller portrays Proctor in different lights throughout the course of the play, as Proctor often finds himself engrossed in the heat of the hysteria driven town. His character starts out lacking any heroic or admirable features, as his disloyalty to his wife is immediately apparent. Nevertheless, Proctor means to mend his marriage as he diverts his sinful relationship with Abigail Williams, and slowly his goodwill is depicted. In spite of his admirable personal growth, Proctor’s punishment through his wife’s coldness is not the end, as his punishment becomes far more severe. Abigail’s tactics to regain the love of Proctor result in the exposà © of his adultery in the town, and her claim concerning witchcraft leads to Proctor’s trial—and eventual death. Proctor was given the choice to admit to witchcraft and spend his days in jail, yet he defends his friends and his name by choosing death over submission, and prioritizes righteousness over admitting to a lie. A metamorphosis of John Proctor lies first in his devotion to his wife, Elizabeth, and finally in his decision to choose honor over blasphemy, which undoubtably result from his bold, proud, and Puritan mannerisms through which he manifests aShow MoreRelatedThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1269 Words   |  6 PagesAt first glance, the playwright Arthur Miller in The Crucible highlights the historical significance of the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, but in fact it is an allegorical expression of his perception of McCarthyism. If the reader has some background information on Arthur Miller’s victimization as a communist, it is evident that the play is a didactic vessel illustrating the flaw s of the court system in the 1950’s. The communist allegations were launched at government employees, entertainers and writersRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1333 Words   |  6 PagesAs the various characters in The Crucible by Arthur Miller interact, the dominant theme of the consequences of women’s nonconformity begins to slide out from behind the curtains of the play. Such a theme reveals the gripping fear that inundated the Puritans during the seventeenth century. This fear led to the famous witch-hunts that primarily terrorized women who deviated from the Puritan vision of absolute obedience and orthodoxy. Arthur Miller presents his interpretation of the suffering by subtlyRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1681 Words   |  7 Pagesof their way to the last dying breath to make sure they leave with a good or bad reputation. In one of the recent literature study in class â€Å"The Crucible† by Arthur Miller, Miller uses characterization to illust rate reputation throughout the play. â€Å"The Crucible† takes place in Salem, Massachusetts. It is based upon the Salem witch trails. In â€Å"The Crucible†, we journey through the life of three characters who reputations plays a major role in the play. The three characters are John Proctor, AbigailRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller998 Words   |  4 Pagesmotivated by jealousy and spite. The Crucible is a four-act dramatic play production that was first performed on January 22, 1953. Arthur Miller used dialogue within the characters to cover the multiple themes; conflicts and resolutions, plus the few directions for the different actions of the play. The Salem Witch Trials were intended to be performed as the play however, when read, it can be more carefully examined and broken down to analyze the techniques. Miller, the playwright, uses literaryRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1145 Words   |  5 PagesUnbalance Through The Centuries In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, the author reflects the persecution of communists in America in the 1950’s through a recount of the Salem witch trials. It is often presumed that Miller based his drama directly off of events that were particularly prevalent in the years surrounding the publication of The Crucible- which was released in the year 1953, towards the conclusion of the Korean War. Although there was not a literal witch hunt occurring during this timeRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1063 Words   |  5 PagesIn the English dictionary, there are three definitions of the word crucible. One is a metal container in which metals are mixed and melted. Another is a severe test. But the third definition, and the one that I think fits the best for this book, is a place or situation in which different elements interact to create something new. In my mind, this fits because all of the characters had their little grudges and dirty secrets. But when all th ose seemingly little things interact, they formed somethingRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1285 Words   |  6 Pages Rationale, Morality, Stereotypes, Pressure, Self-Censorship, Unanimity, and Mindguards. Groupthink has also taken place in our history a a country. The play, The Crucible by Arthur Miller is about a the real-life Salem Witch Trials that happened in 1692 - 1693, in Salem, Massachusetts. Some symptoms of Groupthink found in the Crucible are Rationale, Pressure, and Self-Censorship. The Groupthink symptom, Rationale, is described as when victims of Groupthink ignore warnings: they also collectivelyRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller811 Words   |  4 Pages While The Crucible, by Arthur Miller, is only a four act play, it still resembles the format of a five act play. The five-act structure evolved from a three-act structure, which was made famous by Roman Aelius Donatus. Donatus came up with three types of plays: Protasis, Epitasis, and Catastrophe. The five-act structure helped to expand the three act structure, mainly made famous by Shakespeare through his many tragedies. Even though The Crucible contains only four acts, it still has the commonRead MoreThe Crucible By Arthur Miller1052 Words   |  5 PagesBuddy Al-Aydi Ms.Healy English 9 CP 14th October 2014 The Crucible Essay The Crucible was a novel written by Arthur Miller in the 1950’s. It was written in a format of the play, portraying an allegory of the Salem Witch-Hunts led by Senator Joseph McCarthy. The book is known to have a inexplicable plot. This plot is advanced by multiple characters in the book in order to ensure that the reader maintains interest with the material that is being read. The farmer, John Proctor, would be theRead MoreThe Crucible by Arthur Miller1085 Words   |  5 Pagesopposes the will of the majority is a recurring feature of drama.† Identify such a conflict in a non-Shakespearean play you have studied and show how the dramatist deals with the implications for both the character and the society. Arthur Miller in ‘The Crucible,’ deals with the internal/external conflicts of protagonist John Proctor, during the witch trials of Salem; showing the effects of â€Å"an individual opposed to the will of the majority.† Through the mass hysteria caused by Abigail, corruption

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Health Care System of UK and USA

Question: Identifying the main points of comparison between the healthcare systems in the UK and the country you have chosen? Answer: Comparison and contrast among the health care system of UK and USA: Introduction: Health care aspects in the countries like United Kingdom and United States are a significant portion. Development in the field of health care throughout the country is an essential concern for the government of the nations. Health care development is not only necessary for the betterment of the country at large but it also imposes future prospects as to improvements to the higher level of endeavor and achievements. Health sector mainly concentrates upon the physical betterment and the diseases from the social phenomena are to be eliminated to what extend it could be. Development in field of medical science and health care not only strengthen the base of the country but it also empowers the future generation as to a fit and powerful social phenomena (Haugen, 2008). UK Healthcare System: The Health care systems throughout the nation of the United Kingdom is an upgrading essence from the period of when it consists of England, Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland, which is included their personal systems of overtly financed healthcare by themselves (Will and Moreira, 2010). As a result, a array of dissimilarity subsists in the midst of these systems, as a result of each area having unlike strategies and chief concerns (Chamberlain, 2009). In the year of 2014, the Commonwealth Finances Mirror, follow on the world explanation, which situation the peak eleven first global healthcare systems, situated the UK as first on the complete taking first put in the subsequent cataloging: Superiority of care (that is coordinated, safe, patient leaning sub-categories effective,), accessibility to mentality, Effectiveness Impartiality. The system of United Kingdom had located second just four years prior in the report made in the year of 2010. 2011 was the year of collective expenditure on healthcare was just about 7.8 % of the coarse conjugal product of the United Kingdom, which were previously 1.1 per cent over the organization for the monetarily practicable collaboration and spreading out standard and with allusion to 1.4 per cent on apex of the average of the European Union. The total expenses of GDP on the healthcare system, collectively with the privatization, in United Kingdom are 9.4 per cent, drastically a slighter amount than equivalent financial system similar to Canada (11.2 per cent), France (11.6 per cent), USA (17.7 per cent), and Germany (11.3 per cent) (Krishna Regmi, 2013). Figure 1: Region of United Kingdom Healthcare System Healthcare system of USA: A lot of healthcare associations promote social and health care for the public of the USA. Numerous privatized sector institutes provide a variety of types of conveniences as to the healthcare within the territory of the country. As figures signify that, there are 58 per cent of hospitals that provides health care services for the people without any profit. There are 21 per cent of associations those are only owned by the concern government (Ghana - Ministry of Health collaborates with Hocking College, USA, 2012). As per the negotiations of World Health Organization, as a result, United States spends 8,608 dollars, per capita. Consequently, the governmental authorities of the United Kingdom provide health assurance for the workforce of communal sector within the ambit of the organization. As a result, this nation spends a good amount of money for the health care sector of the organizations (USA - Patient safety organizations: building a safer healthcare system, 2010). Evaluation Contrast: Notwithstanding anything with the truth that these two states have put up the shutters on chronological and enriching bonding, but at what time it is concern about the health care system, these states are palpably disparate on health care emancipation and financial system (Rankin-Box, 2002). Universal health care together with a completely sufficient state owned health care system was a resolution of the government of Britain. These systems, identified as the National Health care System, acted in response by the populace of Britain with an instant prerequisite for a reassurance in relation to health care accessibility at the time it set up the operation in the year of 1948. Universal health care system is not open by the government of the United State, the stealthy health diligence, collectively with Medicare system; controlled vastly of the predictable progression in the way of the governed care movement. The populace throughout the territory of the United Kingdom is allowed to make access to the National Healthcare System, health care conveniences and given services that are sponsored by way of a general taxation. Even although health care accessibility is given and economically helped by the governmental authority of the United Kingdom, it is the general public in the way of taxation, who primarily pay compensation for the health care process of their own. The National Health care System arrangement glance for to notably involve the patients and precursor staff in its nearby future, yet the regulation of the complete National Health care System procedure in realism serves as an activity of the governmental bodies of the United Kingdom (Chamberlain, 2009). In the access by the United States as to the health care conveniences and health services are mostly paid for by a amalgamation of payers, employers, and patient contribution, it may be in public or private. The United State as to the health system depends upon the purpose and strategy manipulate of both public and private associations to function as an innovative, free market. Even though just about 44 per cent of the United State healthcare spending is overtly financed, fundamentally all financing initiated from private domestic in the form of payroll subtraction, taxes and contributions. The United States is essentially originated upon its assurance of privileges and freedoms to its general public. Official edification is measured and acknowledged as a right to all peoples in the United States. Figure: Comparison Conclusion: From the discussion of this assessment it can be summarized that health care system is a major matter concern for all the countries, especially developed countries like UK and USA it attracts a good quantity of concentration from the side of the government of the concern country. These two countries has developed to a very good extend in the field medical science as well as in the health care aspects. References Chamberlain, J. (2009).Doctoring medical governance. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Chamberlain, J. (2009).Doctoring medical governance. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Ghana - Ministry of Health collaborates with Hocking College, USA. (2012).International J Health Care QA, 25(8). Haugen, D. (2008).Health care. Detroit: Greenhaven Press/Gale. Krishna Regmi, S. (2013). Health Care Commissioning: The UK Health Policy Reforms.Prim Health Care, 03(02). Rankin-Box, D. (2002). Dilemmas in UK Health Care Dilemmas in UK Health Care.Nursing Standard, 16(39), pp.28-28. USA - Patient safety organizations: building a safer healthcare system. (2010).International J Health Care QA, 23(2). Will, C. and Moreira, T. (2010).Medical proofs, social experiments. Farnham, Surrey, England: Ashgate.

Monday, April 13, 2020

History of Women in Army an Example by

History of Women in Army After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor new demands on labor-for war plants, for the Army, for the Navy-Americans began to face the reality that manpower shortages would occur in the near future. Enormous numbers of guns and planes had to be produced for the increasing numbers of American soldiers and sailors. The crisis changed the nature of the questions about women in the Army. Need essay sample on "History of Women in Army" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The idea of women serving in the army was mooted first in 1941 before the Japanese attack, as Congresswoman Edith Nourse Rogers had introduced a bill to establish a Women's Army Auxiliary Corps. Her proposal meant for women to fill clerical positions in the army. George C. Marshall, the chief of Army staff accepted the idea and thought that during wartime such a corps will help release men from administrative jobs and make them available for combat duties. That bill was never passed. Mrs. Rogers introduced another bill in January 1942 for a Women's Army Auxiliary Corps of 150,000 women for non-combatant duties. In a surprise move, she added an amendment that would give women military status and the right to be enlisted and appointed in the Army on the same basis as men. To Mrs. Rogers' dismay, the amendment immediately generated bitter controversy on the floor of the House. While congressmen could accept the idea of a women's auxiliary to ease a manpower shortage, they objected to giving women military status as well as the rights and benefits of veterans. Several precedents existed to buttress the granting of military status to women in the Army. In 1901 Congress had established a Nurse Corps (Female) in the Army Medical Department of the Regular Army. The nurses served under contract-they did not receive commissions-but in 1920 Congress gave them "relative rank." This meant they could hold the rank of second lieutenant, first lieutenant, captain, or major and could wear officers' insignia. Though they still lacked most of the privileges of regular officers, the nurses had gained some significant military status. In 1926, Congress authorized Army nurses a retirement pension based on length of service and, in 1930, added a pension for disability incurred in the line of duty. The Navy Nurse Corps (Female), established in 1907, followed the Army Nurse Corps' organization and offered similar status and benefits. On 14 May 1942, after all debate ended, Congress established a Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC), but did not grant its members military status. The next day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the compromise bill; An Act to Establish the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps became Public Law (PL) 77-554. Mrs. Rogers drafted another bill that was approved by General Marshall and introduced into the Congress, the 78th, in January 1943. The Senate approved the bill on 15 February 1943, but members of the House questioned the effects of the change in status. Six months of debate and compromise passed before the bill was approved by both houses and signed by President Roosevelt on 1 July 1943. An Act to Establish the Women's Army Corps in the Army of the United States became Public Law 78-110. Throughout the world war the women of WAAC and WAC were used for non-combatant positions. It was in the post world war that the armed forces integration act was passed. This amendment to the original act that established WAC and WAAC allowed women to be assigned to duties in the USAF. About 1100 WAC officers applied for the regularisation of their commissions, only 333 were approved. The first officer commissioned in the WAC, Regular Army, was Colonel Hallaren. She was sworn in and appointed director of the WAC in a ceremony in the chief of staff's office on 3 December 1948. She received Army serial number L-1. When In 1947, Colonel Hallaren proposed including women in the Organized Reserve on an equal basis with men, the judge advocate general had reacted with disbelief and astonishment to her suggestion that women might enter the male reserve branches. That, however, was exactly what she had in mind. But the Army tradition of appointing, enlisting, training, and assigning its male personnel by branch was too strong. Whatever the Army did, it did by branch. So the WAC had to have a branch in the Regular Army and WAC sections in the Officers' Reserve Corps and the Enlisted Reserve Corps. The overall adviser to the Army on reserve matters, the executive for reserve and ROTC affairs, established a WAC branch within his division and named Lt. Col. Kathleen McClure as its chief. She would prepare plans and policies and coordinate them with the director of the WAC. WAC officers on active duty in 1948 could apply for appointment in the Officers' Reserve Corps and remain on active duty by signing an active duty commitment statement. Former WAC AUS officers who had been demobilized could also apply and, if accepted, request return to active duty. If they did not want full-time active duty, they could request assignment to a reserve unit near home. Women who had no previous military service could not apply for appointment in the Officers' Reserve Corps because no women's officer training program existed in the reserves. Such women could, if they wished, take the circuitous route of enlisting in the Regular Army, obtaining a commission through WAC Officer Candidate School, and, upon completing two years of active duty, returning to civilian life and being assigned to a reserve unit near their homes. Unlike their Regular Army counterparts, former WAC officers could serve in the inactive reserve regardless of marital status or dependents. Over the years the number of women in active armed services has grown. Women have been appointed generals and given units of their own to manage. They also enjoy equal rights as their male counterparts and are also enlist in reserve. References www.armywomen.org https://www.defense.gov/

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

The William Blue Ding Restaurant Case Study Analysis and Suggestions for Further Improvements

The William Blue Ding Restaurant Case Study Analysis and Suggestions for Further Improvements The Promotional Portfolio: Developing New Efficient Tools When it comes to establishing a new business, running a restaurant presupposes quite the same complexities and opportunities as any other kind of entrepreneurship (Garvey, Dismore Dismore, 2011). In the case study in question, the restaurant entitled William Blue Dining is being depicted and the various ways of improving its state of affairs are being considered. With the help of a range of adequate ideas, the company can actually become a great success.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The William Blue Ding Restaurant: Case Study Analysis and Suggestions for Further Improvements specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Promotional offer: choosing the right words To start with, the promotional offer has to be introduced. According to Smith Schulz, promotional offer is a range of services and/or goods that are going to be introduced into the target market and promote d to the public (Smith Schulz, 2004). Hence, in the context of the restaurant services, the specific cuisine has to be promoted efficiently. According to the report in question, the major asset of the William Blue Dining is the fact that every single bit of food there is â€Å"live†, i.e., is cooked immediately after the client orders a dish. Hence, the promotion must be focused on offering â€Å"live† cuisine. As a matter of fact, the phrase â€Å"live cuisine from all over the world† can actually serve as a motto for the restaurant. Advertisement: let the world know about the restaurant As for the press release, it will be aimed at making the restaurant known even better by the people from all the continents where the William Blue Dining affiliates are located. With the help of an elaborate advertisement strategy, one can possibly attract even more clients to the restaurant. Hence, the objective of the advertising campaign is to make the world talk about Will iam Blue Dining. As for the advertising strategy, it will be quite suitable to create a memorable TV and online commercial that will not be annoying, but make people pay attention to what William Blue Dining has to offer. Press release: concerning the technical issues The suppose press release will be aimed at making the restaurant popularity even bigger. In addition, with the help of a press release, William Blue Dining will cement its position not only among the general public, but also among people of greater influence and among press. Since the percentage of the North Sydney business public among the visitors of the restaurant makes around 25%, it can be considered that businessmen of higher rank can visit the restaurant and, thus, raise the restaurant revenues. With the help of the interviews of the latter, success is guaranteed.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More A Twelve-Month Promotion Plan: A Careful Strategy to Follow However, every single business venture needs a plan. Without an outline the steps that need to be taken to promote the given enterprise among the rest of the people and make them spread the word about the delicious dishes served in the restaurant, William Blue Dining might be not quite successful as expected. According to Luther (2011), a good promotion plan is supposed to incorporate the information about the possible losses and the expected profit, providing the conclusion about the reasonability of the promotion actions. With the help of such a plan, one can decide how to make William Blue Dining a well-known restaurant. The forms of promotion: identifying the methods It is necessary to mention that William Blue Dining is going to use online and TV promotion, as well as advertisements in newspapers to make more people learn about the suggested services. However, apart from the traditional means of advertisements, pers onal selling will also be used. The above-mentioned presupposes that William Blue Dining will employ the people who are going to offer passers-by coupons or leaflets about the restaurant, the dishes, the cuisine, the specifics, etc. Since personal promotion will help demonstrate certain details concerning the services (Lamb, Hair, McDaniel, 2011, p. 552), people will be able to learn even more about the restaurant’s special offers. Indicating the budget: a good use of money Since most of the restaurants offer dishes for $8 average, it can be suggested that the advertisement campaign should not cost more than the restaurants gross annually. Of course, on the one hand, a good advertising campaign can save the day and be repaid in several months or even weeks; on the other hand, though, the risks are quite high, and, since the entire chain of restaurants is at stake, it is necessary to use the resources wisely. Therefore, 20% of the annual revenues can be spent on the campaign. The rationale for time, data and medium Since most of the visitors are businessmen, students and elderly people, it can be suggested that the time for advertisements should be early in the morning, when elderly people are already awake, businessmen to work and students go to their colleges, universities or institutes; in the evening, when the elderly people, students and businessmen are at home; and (for the public promotion) around 1 – 2 p.m., when students and businessmen have some time to spare. As for the data when the promotion starts, it can be suggested that in some three weeks everything is going to be ready for the start. Finally, speaking of the medium, TV, Internet and public advertisement will be most suitable.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on The William Blue Ding Restaurant: Case Study Analysis and Suggestions for Further Improvements specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The marketing promotion stra tegy: summary The promotion strategy is aimed at capturing the target customers and impressing them. Customer Feedback Analysis: Learning to Listen Carefully It is important to keep in mind that the restaurant services will also have to take the clients’ ideas concerning improvements into account. Concerning the objective: the required information The clients’ opinion about the service and its possible improvement will be demanded. An applicable format: questionnaires and surveys For the feedback collection, surveys and questionnaires, as well as multiple-choice questions (e.g., â€Å"How do you rank the services? – a) excellent; b) O.K.; c) could have been better; d) awful†) and feedback cards (Restaurateur, 2010, p. 287) are going to be used.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Feedback forms and their use: comfortable and efficient The feedback forms are going to be printed in A6 size, written in 14pt. or larger font and written on blank white paper. Information processing: what customers need Once the necessary information is gathered, it is going to be distributed into several groups, namely, the complaints concerning the service quality, the recommendations about the probable improvements and the positive feedback. Thereafter, the positive aspects of the restaurant’s work are going to be perfected, while the negative elements are going to be either improved or eliminated. With the help of the given approach, William Blue Dining is going to become a huge success. Reference List Garvey, M, Dismore, H, Dismore, A D, 2011, Running a restaurant for dummies, John Wiey Sons, New York, NY. Lamb, C W, Hair, J F Jr., McDaniel, C D, 2011, Essentials of marketing, Cengage Learning, Stamford, CN. Luther, W M, The marketing plan:  how to prepare and imple ment it, AMACOM, New York, NY. Restaurateur, D R, 2010, Everything guide to starting and running a restaurant:  secrets to a successful business!, Adams Media, Avon, MA. Smith, S Schulz, D E, 2004, How to sell more stuff:  promotional marketing that really works, Kaplan Publishing Company, Chicago, IL.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Munich Agreement and the Events of the 1930s Essay

Munich Agreement and the Events of the 1930s - Essay Example The nation also remembers the victory and glory that came home to France, but not without a sense of bereavement. Indeed, the victory of 1914 came to France at a very gory price. Today, my dear friends, is the day France refused to repeat history. Today is the day the French refused to pay in the blood of its brothers for another victory. Today is the day France stands up in defiance of injustice and upholds the flag of peace to ensure peace and stability in the region. Today is the day, I, Edouard Daladier stand in front of the French parliament, having signed the historic Munich Agreement. This is a time to be celebrated. The world has learned to resolve its problems without shooting each other to smithereens. Statesmen of the civilized world, namely Britain, France, Germany and Italy, have learned to sit down and talk in peace to seek solutions for world peace, and that, I believe, is one of the greatest successes of the Munich Agreement. I am not blind to the fact that the Munich Agreement is plagued with controversy. Opponents of the agreement are keen to point fingers at the French government for betraying the people of Czechoslovakia and for supporting Germany in its evil designs. I feel that such concerns of the opponents of the Munich Agreement reek more of anti-French propaganda than of justice and truth. Myopic viewpoints would stand in the way of Britain and France, the two nations that are willing to sacrifice a lot in return of peace in Europe. Europe cannot afford another war, and Britain and France are aware of this reality. Germany’s aggressiveness must be appeased to achieve peace in Europe, and the Munich Agreement is a symbol of that very appeasement, which I believe all present in this room must not only appreciate, but acclaim as a remarkable effort on part of the French Government. Mes freres, the French nation has entrusted my office of the prime minister of france to not only represent them, but to give them access to the truth. Today I speak before you to present nothing but that. The state of Czechoslovakia has transgressed. It has denied its Sudeten population the autonomy it has desired for so long. The sacrifices the Sudeten have made and the atrocities the Czechs have committed against them are an open secret. The world has witnessed the cries of help from those who wish to cease their association with Czechoslovakia and join Germany. Why should the wishes of the public be denied? We see the Sudeten demand for autonomy as a justified demand, and one that the Czech government should be keen in advancing to its people. If an ethnic group finds belonging with Germany, it should be allowed to secede with it. The Munich Agreement, my friends, guarantees just that. The Agreement however, is not drawn simply to support the ideology backing the liberation of the Sudeten Germans. On 16th September of this same year, it is known to all that our government, in collaboration with the British government, presented a proposal to the President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Benes. We presented a very reasonable proposal, which asked the Czech Government to hand over to Germany all those areas that are populated by more than fifty percent Sudeten Germans. In return, Czechoslovakia will be allowed to retain its independence. Such reasonable terms of the treaty were